Categorized | Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a relatively rare form of male cancer which originates in the cells of one of the testicles. The two types of testicular cancer are seminomas and non-seminomas. Contrary to most other forms of cancer, it is quite common in young males aged between 20 and 40. Fortunately, the methods of treatment for testicular cancer are very effective and in most cases they result in complete recovery. The testicles are two oval reproductive organs located in the scrotum below the penis that are responsible for the production of sperm and the male hormone testosterone.

The first most common symptom warning about testicular cancer is an unusual lump in the testicle. However, in most cases a lump in the testicle does not mean cancer. Other symptoms include pain in the testicle with the lump and lower abdomen. In some cases, testicular cancer can spread to the lymphatic glands, in which case back pain, coughing and difficulty in breathing or swallowing may occur.

The factors of increased risk to develop testicular cancer include cryptorchidism (an undescended testicle), a complication of mumps, infertility or medical problems with fertility, such as low levels of sperm activity, being taller than average and family history of testicular cancer.

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