Categorized | Cancer

Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is a broad term that refers to many different forms of cancer that occur in the organs or tissues located in the head and neck. Some forms categorised as head and neck cancer include eye cancers, ear cancers, oral cavity cancers, nasal cancers and oropharyngeal cancer.

The oral cavity is a general term referring to the lips and the mouth. Cancerous cells can start developing on the inner side of the lips or cheeks, in the tongue, under the tongue, on the dental gums and in the hard palate (the roof of the mouth). Orophryngeal cancer occurs in the back of the mouth and the beginning of the throat, including the root of the tongue, the soft palate (the further part of the roof of the mouth) and the side and back walls of the throat.

Malignant cells can occur on the lining of the nostril as well as the upper part of the throat that forms a section of the nasal cavity, called the nasopharynx, and air cavities on both sides of the nose known as sinuses. Cancers of the ear are extremely rare and most occur in the surface of the ear. Eye cancers are also very rare. The most frequent type of eye cancer is ocular melanoma.

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