Categorized | Cancer

Having reconstructive surgery following cancer

shutterstock_110949728.downloadAn essential part of complete cancer care, reconstructive surgery is time and again a significant step for regaining normal functions following cancer treatments for many patients. You may check with the state’s health department to find a private hospital Belfast, London or other parts of UK that perform these surgeries. The procedure mainly constitutes correction of deformities after breast and skin cancer.

Reconstructive surgery following mastectomy

Breast reconstruction is adopted by many women after mastectomy. It should be planned soon after detection of breast cancer to enable your plastic surgeon and breast surgeon to decide the best technique for reconstruction.
Breast reconstruction includes a sequence of surgery techniques. ‘Immediate breast reconstruction’ begins with mastectomy itself. ‘Delayed breast reconstruction’ is done later, after mastectomy.

Some of the common breast reconstruction procedures are:

Natural Tissue Flap Technique

The process uses tissues from thighs, back, tummy or buttocks. ‘TRAM flap’ using abdomen tissues and ‘latissimus dorsi flap’ using upper back tissues are the common procedures.

Two scars may be left from tissue flap – the area from where tissues were removed and on the breast that was reconstructed. The blood supply from original site might be retained or connection of a new blood supply may be carried out. However, this technique isn’t suggested for women having disease of connective or vascular tissue, diabetes patients or smokers.

Breast Implants

The widely used procedure for reconstruction, implants are generally filled with saline or silicone gel. The complete procedure may take about four months and depending on your need for radiation therapy, one stage immediate reconstruction or delayed reconstruction may be considered by the surgeon.

Reconstructive surgery for skin cancer

Skin cancers may occur anywhere on your body, but sun exposed areas like neck, face, arms and legs are more susceptible to it. It is possible to cure skin cancers through various surgical and non-surgical techniques. The procedure chosen by your surgeon depends on the position, type, spread and size of cancerous cells, patient’s age and his general health.

Skin flaps and skin grafts are the common procedures used for reconstruction. Treatment of skin cancer may necessitate the excision of large areas of your skin, which can be repaired through skin flap or skin graft.

Skin grafting

The procedure involves cutting a thin skin layer from donor site of the body and positioning it in the area that needs to be cured. Stitches may be used sometimes, for securing the area from which the extraction of graft was carried out.

Skin flap

The operation uses folds of skin and underlying tissues of the subcutaneous layer adjacent to the wound. A deep cut to remove the skin fold is carried out. The skin fold is not completely removed but remains connected to original site which is then placed over the wound. The final step involves securing the flap and wound with stitches, followed by donor site suturing.

There are many treatments that are performed at the North West Independent Hospital in Belfast by professional surgeons.

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