Categorized | Cancer

Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer is an extremely rare form of cancer. It is usually diagnosed to people aged from 70 to 75 and occurs in women more frequently than men. The gallbladder is a small organ attached to the small intestine and the liver. It stores bile, which is a fluid produced by the liver and used in the process of breaking down fat.

There are many risk factors that increase the chance of developing gallbladder cancer, such as gallbladder stones or inflammation, polyps (benign tumours) in the gallbladder, abnormalities in bile ducts that connect the liver to the gallbladder, a condition called porcelain gallbladder, smoking, heredity (known cases of gallbladder cancer in the family) and being obese.

Early stages of gallbladder cancer may be discovered accidentally during surgery aimed at removing gallbladder stones. However, in most cases the cancer is already advanced when it is diagnosed. The symptoms may include fever, sudden fits of pain, the skin and eyes becoming yellow, weight loss, dark yellow colour of the urine and itchiness of the skin.

Surgery is the most effective treatment for gallbladder cancer, but it can only be performed if the cancerous cells have not spread to other internal organs. Other treatment methods include radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

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